The fear of crime refers to the fear of being a victim of crime as opposed to the actual probability of being a victim of crime. Importantly, feelings, thoughts and behaviors can have a number of functional and dysfunctional effects on individual and group life, depending on actual risk and people's subjective approaches to danger. On a negative side, they can erode public health and psychological well-being; they can alter routine activities and habits; they can contribute to some places turning into 'no-go' areas via a withdrawal from community; and they can drain community cohesion, trust and neighborhood stability. Factors influencing the fear of crime include the psychology of risk perception,   circulating representations of the risk of victimization chiefly via interpersonal communication and the mass media , public perceptions of neighborhood stability and breakdown,   the influence of neighbourhood context,    and broader factors where anxieties about crime express anxieties about the pace and direction of social change. For example, some have argued that modern times have left people especially sensitive to issues of safety and insecurity. The core aspect of fear of crime is the range of emotions that is provoked in citizens by the possibility of victimization.
Media and the Fear of Crime: A Research Proposal
"Fear of crime: Its impact, causes and consequences" by Rebecca J Siehr
Rebecca J Siehr , Marquette University. The causes of fear of crime have been studied by researchers for over three decades. The examination of fear has generally followed a pattern of research whereby the most common antecedents of fear have focused on neighborhood deterioration, social demographics, and the media. The consequences of fear, that is, crime prevention measures, have also been analyzed, though with apparently less enthusiasm and interest than its causes.
Essay about Fear of Crime