Due to increasingly limited water resources, diminishing farmland acreage, and potentially negative effects of climate change, an urgent need exists to improve agricultural productivity to feed the ever-growing population. Plants interact with microorganisms at all trophic levels, adapting growth, developmental, and defense responses within a complicated network of community members. Endophytic fungi have been widely reported for their ability to aid in the defense of their host plants. Currently, many reports focus on the application of endophytic fungi with the capability to produce valuable bioactive molecules, while others focus on endophytic fungi as biocontrol agents. Plant responses upon endophytic fungi colonization are also good for the immune system of the plant.
Recent Fungal Biology Reviews Articles
Beneficial effects of endophytic fungi colonization on plants
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Bacteria and Fungi Research Paper
Stress biotic or abiotic is an unfavourable condition for an organism including fungus. To overcome stress, organism expresses heat-shock proteins Hsps or chaperons to perform biological function. Hsps are involved in various routine biological processes such as transcription, translation and posttranslational modifications, protein folding, and aggregation and disaggregation of proteins. Thus, it is important to understand holistic role of Hsps in response to stress and other biological conditions in fungi.
What's in a name? The importance of accurate fungal taxonomy New Zealand's horticultural and agricultural economy relies on effective biosecurity. This requires keeping major pests and pathogens out of Aotearoa, as well as detailed knowledge about what organisms are already present in our natural and productive ecosystems and whether they are 'good' or 'bad' for the health of those ecosystems. However, biosecurity management decisions are possible only if organisms detected can be reliably identified and have accurate names. Fungi, for example, include many important crop pathogens, such as the Puccinia graminis-like cereal rusts.