In a survey of 47 countries, the Freedom on the Net report see page 1 concluded that while methods of control are evolving to become less visible, 20 of those examined countries have experienced a negative trajectory since January Bahrain, Pakistan and Ethiopia were identified as the headline offenders. In the aforementioned Freedom on the Net Report see page 6 , 19 of the 47 analysed countries have passed new laws or directives since January which could negatively affect online free speech, user privacy, or punish individuals posting certain types of content. Censorship, surveillance and control methods can range from the lo-tech physical intimidation, incarceration and legislation limiting freedom of expression to progressively hi-tech methods FOTN Report, see page 10 including the bulk monitoring of communications data across a range of platforms mobile phone conversations, texts, emails, browsing history, social networking traffic…etc. The most sophisticated instances can involve real time monitoring of communications data linked to predetermined key words, email addresses and phone numbers.
Censorship in the Literature
Censorship In The Literature - Free Essay Example | ccspa.info
The problem with the history of censorship is that it looks so simple. It pits oppression against freedom of expression. But if you look harder, it appears more complicated -- and full of surprises. Having studied it under three authoritarian regimes, I believe we should rethink our understanding of censorship in general.
How Censorship Shapes Literature
Marcus, who moderated the first panel, began with an introduction to the history of censorship in America. Colorful dime novels, featuring light action stories, became of particular interest to children in the late 19th century. Marcus addressed how, while calls for censorship are frequently attempts to quell the tide of social change and can be traced to ideologies of the religious right, the matter is not always so clear-cut. The speakers discussed how a book comes to be challenged, the common reasons behind such challenges, and their impact.
Writers, we will be misunderstood, but we will also misunderstand. Language can be powerful but it is also limiting. Just as surely as one person can use language to express something they never thought they could put into words, language can also be used to oppress, to silence. Those of us for whom language is our art, know, or should know that we have to use it wisely and well.